Pledge of Allegiance First Published……
September 8, 1892…..
The Pledge of Allegiance is first published, in The Youth’s Companion. Francis Bellamy wrote the original 1892 version: “I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” Changes were made to it over the years, including adding the words “Under God” in 1954. Bellamy, a devout Christian who believed in the absolute separation of church and state, did not include the phrase “under God” in his original pledge. Bellamy also described what became known as the Bellamy Salute as the proper way to salute the flag while reciting the pledge. Due to its resemblance to the Nazi salute, this was replaced with the hand-over-heart salute in 1942.
Bill of Rights…..
September 9, 1789…..
House of Representatives recommends the adoption by the states 12 amendments to the Constitution. Ten were adopted, becoming the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights provides guarantees of personal freedoms and rights, clear limitations on the government’s power in judicial and other proceedings, and explicit declarations that all powers not specifically granted to the federal government by the Constitution are reserved to the states or the people.
September 10, 1980……
The U.S. approves the use of the drug marijuana for medical purposes such as to ease nausea and vomiting in chemotherapy patients.